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Feline First Aid Care: Wounds

First aid for bleeding wounds


1. Check!

Check your cat for other injuries & issues such as trouble breathing.

If your cat has collapsed, go straight to your vets.

2. Manage the bleeding

Heavy bleeding or blood spurting

Your cat may have damaged an artery. This is an emergency – apply firm, direct pressure

& go immediately to your nearest vets {call ahead to let them kno


w you’re coming}.

Pressure

Apply firm pressure to any bleeding areas using a clean, dry dressing or material.

If your cat is still bleeding through the dressing after 5 minutes, apply more pressure

& go straight to your nearest vets {call ahead to let them know you’re coming}.

Once bleeding has stopped

If your cat’s wound has stopped bleeding, it’s still a good idea to go to your vets so that they can be assessed.

Your vet will prescribe any necessary treatment & medication.

3. Something in the wound?

If there is an object in your cat’s wound, such as piece of glass, don’t try to remove it.

Avoid putting pressure on it {this could push it in further}.

First aid for burns


1. Check!

Take your cat away from the heat or substance that is burning them. Wash any chemicals off their skin.

Check them for any other injuries or signs of distress {such as trouble breathing}.

Keep them warm using a blanket but don’t let it touch any burnt areas.

2. Assess their burns

Cool any burnt areas with lukewarm running water for at least 10-20 minutes {never use ice or iced water}.

Use a running tap or the shower if possible. Do not apply creams or ointments to the burn.

Cover the burn with cling film, & take your cat straight to the vet.

Your vet will assess the severity of the burns & will use specialist dressings to treat them.

They may need to give your cat other treatments such as antibiotics & pain relief.

Always take your cat to your vet for a burn, no matter what size.


First aid for cuts and grazes

1. Check!

Check your cat for other injuries or signs of distress. Take them to the vet if you are concerned.

2. Assess the wound

If your cat’s wound is large or deep, use a clean, dry dressing for applying pressure to stop any bleeding.

Contact your vet immediately for an emergency appointment.

Something in the wound?

If there is something in your cat’s wound, such as piece of glass, don’t try to remove it

& avoid putting pressure on it {this could push it in further}. Take your cat to the vet.

3. Flush

Flush out dirt & bacteria from the wound by rinsing it with salt water* or lukewarm running water for a few minutes.

After flushing, cover the wound with a clean, dry bandage.

Skip this step & go straight to your vet if your cat’s wound is bleeding heavily or they are otherwise unwell.

4. Home care for a minor wound

The advice below is for minor cuts & grazes, for anything more serious seek veterinary advice.

Cleaning

Use warm salt water* to gently clean around the wound. Do this 2-3 times daily until it’s healed.

Don’t use anything else to clean the wound unless you have spoken to your vet, even veterinary antiseptics can slow healing.

Protection

If your cat bites, licks or scratches their wound they are likely to cause serious damage & infection.

Protect them with a buster collar, body suit or protective sock.

Infection

Take your cat to the vet if you are concerned their wound is becoming infected or hasn’t healed within a few days.

They may need antibiotics or further treatment.


Signs of infection include heat, itching, swelling & redness.

* to make saline / salt water, add 1 teaspoon of salt to a pint of cooled, previously boiled water.


First aid for bruises


1. Check!

Check your cat for any other signs of illness or injury & contact your vet if you are concerned.

Has your pet been crushed?

Cat's that have been crushed or trapped should always be seen by a vet.

Crush injuries are very serious & often take a few days to appear.

Multiple bruises

You should contact your vet if your cat has multiple or unexplained bruises, this could be a sign of a bleeding problem.

2. Assess the bruise

Cold compresses

Cold compresses help reduce swelling & further bleeding under the skin.

You can make a cold compress by wrapping an ice pack or some frozen peas in a towel.

Hold it to the area for a few minutes.

If you cat becomes uncomfortable or distressed, stop.

3. Monitor the bruise

Most bruises should disappear after approximately two weeks.

Take your cat to the vets if their bruise is still there after this time.


#FelineFirstAidCare #FelineHealth